Diferencies ente revisiones de «Consonante uvular»

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Preferencies llingüístiques
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Una '''consonante uvular''' ye una [[consonante]] articulada cola parte posterior de la llingua asitiada contra o cerca de la [[úvula]], esto ye, más tras na boca que les [[consonante velar|velares]]
Les consonantes uvulares pueden ser [[oclusiva|oclusives]], [[fricativa|fricatives]], [[consonante nasal|nasales]], [[consonante rótica|róticas]] o [[aproximante]]s (anque la carta del [[Alfabetu fonéticu internacional|AFI]] escarez d'un signu específicu pa la aproximante, y úsase el signu de la fricativu afectáuafeutáu de diacríticos). Les [[africada|africades]] uvulares son posibles pero tipológicamente son escases (apaecen en dellos dialectos meridionales de [[altu alemán]], según en delles [[llingües indíxenes d'América]], inclusive ye posible atopar africaes uvulares eyectivas en Lillooet y [[idioma xeorxanu|xeorxanu]]).
 
== Consonantes uvulares del AFI ==
The [[voiceless consonant|voiceless]] uvular [[plosive]] is transcribed as {{IPA|[q]}} in both the IPA and [[SAMPA]]. It is pronounced somewhat like the [[voiceless velar plosive]] {{IPA|[k]}}, but with the middle of the tongue further back on the [[velum (anatomy)|velum]], against or near the uvula. The most familiar use will doubtless be in the transliteration of Arabic presta names such as ''Qatar'' and ''Iraq'' into English, though, since English lacks this sound, this is generally pronounced as the most similar sound that occurs in English, {{IPA|[k]}}.
 
{{IPA|[ɢ]}}, the [[voiced consonant|voiced]] equivalent of {{IPA|[q]}}, is much rarer. It is like the [[voiced velar plosive]] {{IPA|[g]}}, but articulated in the same uvular position as {{IPA|[q]}}. Few languages use this sound, but it is found in some varieties of [[Persian language|Persian]] and in several [[Northeast Caucasian languages]], notably [[Tabasaran language|Tabasaran]]. It may also occur as an allophone of another uvular consonant - in [[Kazakh language|Kazakh]], the [[voiced uvular plosive]] is an allophone of the [[voiced uvular fricative]] after the [[velar nasal]].
 
The voiceless uvular fricative {{IPA|[χ]}} is similar to the [[voiceless velar fricative]] {{IPA|[x]}}, except that it is articulated near the uvula. It is found instead of {{IPA|[x]}} in some dialects of German and Arabic.