Diferencies ente revisiones de «Consonante llateral»

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== Llaterales nes llingües del mundu ==
L'español estándar modernu tien un únicu fonema llateral alveolar {{IPA|/l/}}, anque'l [[castellán medieval]] ya inda munches variedaes d'español n'Europa y América, tienen otra consonante llateral palatal {{IPA|/ʎ/}}. L'inglés tien tamién un únicu fonema aproximante {{IPA|/l/}}, anque claramente tien dos [[alófonos]] o realizaciones fonétiques distintes d'esti soníu; una que se da antes del nucleu silábicu como en ''lady'' 'señora' o ''fly'' 'volar' articulada como {{IPA|[l]}} (llamada tradicionalmente ''clear l'') y otra vairante usada tres el nucleu silábicu como en ''bold'' 'coraxosu' o ''tell'' 'dicir' articulada como {{IPA|[ɫ]}}. Magar n'inglés l'articulación de {{IPA|/l/}} depende automáticamente de la posición en que s'atopa, n'otres llingües como'l l'[[idioma albanés|albanés]] onde tamién esisten esos dos soníos, estos son [[fonema|fonemes]] distintos n'oposición yá que nun mesmu contestu puede apaecer unu o otru, oldeando en significáu ambos. Nes [[llingües eslaves orientales]] esiste un contraste ente {{IPA|[ɫ]}} y {{IPA|[lʲ]}} y sicasí nun esiste'l alófono [l].
 
En delles llingües y dialeutos secundarios de munches llingües como'l [[portugués de Brasil]], l'antiguu francés, el modernu polacu o'l dialeutu cockney del inglés una {{IPA|/l/}} final puede articulase como {{IPA|[ɰ]}} o inclusive {{IPA|[w]}}.
 
En cuanto al númberu de soníos llaterales en contraste dalgunes [[llingües australianes]] según l'[[idioma irlandés|irlandés]] pueden llega a tener inclusive 3 o 4 soníos llaterales distintos.
 
== Tipos de soníos de llaterales ==
 
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Rarer llateral consonants include the retroflex laterals that can be found in most [[Indic languages]] and in some [[Swedish dialects]]; and the sound of [[Welsh phonology|Welsh]] ''ll'', the [[voiceless alveolar llateral fricative]] {{IPA|/ɬ/}} that is also found in [[Zulu language|Zulu]] and many [[Semitic languages|Semitic]] and [[Native American languages]]. In [[Adyghe language|Adyghe]] and some [[Athapaskan languages]] like [[Hän language|Hän]] both voiceless and voiced alveolar llateral fricative occur, but there is non approximant. Many of these languages also have llateral [[affricate]]s. Some languages have palatal or velar voiceless llateral fricatives or affricates, such as [[Dahalo language|Dahalo]] and [[Zulu language|Zulu]] but the IPA has non symbols for these sounds. However, appropriate symbols are easy to make by adding a llateral-fricative belt to the symbol for the corresponding llateral approximant (see below). Failing that, a devoicing diacritic is added to the approximant.
 
Nearly all languages with such llateral obstruents also have the approximant. However, there are a number of exceptions, many of them located in the [[Pacific Northwest]] area. For example, [[Tlingit language|Tlingit]] has {{IPA|/tɬ, tɬʰ, tɬʼ, ɬ, ɬʼ/}} but non {{IPA|/l/}}.<ref>Some older Tlingit speakers do have {{IPA|[l]}}, as an allophone of {{IPA|/n/}}. This can also be analyzed as phonemic {{IPA|/l/}} with an allophone {{IPA|[n]}}.</ref> Other examples from the same area include [[Nuu-chah-nulth language|Nuu-chah-nulth]] and [[Kutenai language|Kutenai]], and elsewhere, [[Chukchi language|Chukchi]] and [[Kabardian language|Kabardian]].
 
[[Tibetan language|Tibetan]] has a voiceless llateral approximant, usually romanized as ''lh'', as in the name [[Lhasa]].
 
[[Pashto language|Pashto]] has a [[retroflex llateral flap]].{{Citation needed|date=April 2008}}
 
There are a large number of llateral [[click consonant]]s; seventeen occur in [[!Xóõ]].
 
Llateral trills are possible (but occur in non known language). It is also possible to articulate Uvular laterals, but they are also too hard to pronounce to occur as a phoneme in any known language.
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== Tipos de soníos de llaterales ==
=== [[Aproximante]]s ===
* [[Aproximante llateral alveolar]] {{IPA|[l]}}
 
== Referencies ==
 
=== Notes ===
{{llistaref|2}}
 
=== Bibliografía ===
*{{SOWL}}
 
{{ORDENAR:Llateral}}
 
 
{{Tradubot|Consonante lateral}}
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[[Categoría:Consonantes]]
 
 
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