Diferencies ente revisiones de «Yuri Gagarin»

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===Vostok 1===
[[File:Gagarin Capsule.jpg|thumb||VostokRéplica Ide capsulela oncápsula displaydel atVostok thenel muséu [[RKK Energiya museum]]]]
 
El 12 d'abril de 1961, nel ''Vostok 3KA-3'' ([[Vostok 1]]), Gagarin sedría'l primer humanu en viaxar a l'[[Espaciu esterior|espaciu esterior]], y tamién el primer n'orbitar la Tierra. El so nomatu na misión sedría ''Kedr'' ([[Cedru]]).
Nel esnale, Gagarin cuntaría-y al [[Secretariu Xeneral del Partíu Comunista de la Xunión Soviética|llíder soviéticu]] [[Nikita Khrushchev]] que dementres la reentrada na órbita Terrestre, elli xiblara'l cantar "La Tierra siente, la Tierra conoz" ([[Rusu]] "Родина слышит, Родина знает"). Les dos primeres llínies del cantar son: ''La Tierra siente, la Tierra conoz/Cuando'l so fíu esnala'' (Cantar patrióticu escritu por [[Yevgeniy Dolmatovsky]] y melodía de [[Dmitri Shostaovich]]).
 
Dalgunes fontes diríen que Gagarin comentara dementres el viaxe: "Nun veo dalu Dios equi enrriba". HoweverSicasí, noeses suchpallabres wordsnun appearsurden innel therexistru verbatimde recordconversaciones ofcoles hisestaciones conversationsterráquees withdementres Earth-basedel stations during the spaceflightvuelu.<ref name="cosmoworld"/>Nuna Inentrevista aen 2006 interview, Gagarin'sel friend ColonelCoronel Valentin Petrov stated(collaciu thatde theGagarin) cosmonautsiñalara neverqu'el saidcosmonauta suchenxamás wordsnun dixere tales pallabres, andles thatcuales thevendrién quoted'un originateddiscursu fromde [[Nikita Khrushchev]]'s speechnel atplenu the plenum of thedel [[Comité Central Committeedel ofPartíu theComunista CPSU]]de aboutla theXunión state'sSoviética|Comité [[USSRCentral anti-religious campaign (1958–1964)|anti-religiondel campaignPCXS]], sayingnuna "Gagarindómina flewcarauterizada intopor space,una butfuerte didn'tantirrelixosidá seenel anygobiernu god theresoviéticu."<ref name="ir73"/> Petrov alsotamién saiddixera thatque Gagarin hadtendría beensío baptisedbautizáu into thena [[OrthodoxIlesia ChurchOrtodoxa]] asde aneñu. childEn 2011, andsurdiría anuna 2011revista nomada ''Foma'' magazineun articleartículu quotednel thequ'el rectorreutor ofde thela OrthodoxIlesia churchOrtodoxa inna [[StarCiudá City,de Russiales estrelles (Rusia)|StarCiudá Cityde les estrelles]] sayingdicía, "Gagarin baptizedbautizara hisa elderla daughterso Yelenafía shortlymayor beforeYelena hispoco spaceenantes flight;del andso hisviax familyespacial; usedy tola celebrateso Christmasfamilia andtaba Easteravezada anda keepcelebrar iconsel inNadal they house."<refla name=Pascua"ir8361"/>.
 
==AfterDepués del Vostok 1==
[[File:Convert ru kosmos077.jpg|thumb|left|upright|APostal postcardcon withsemeya an image ofde Yuri Gagarin]]
Depués del vuelu, Gagarin convertiríase nuna celebridá mundial, viaxando alrodiu'l mundiu habitualmente. Elli visitara Italia, Alemaña, Canadá, Brasil, Xapón, Exiptu y Finlandia pa espardir la idea de que la Xunión Soviética sedría'l primer estáu en posar un home nel espaciu. Elli tamién visitara'l Reinu Xuníu trés meses depués de la misión del Vostok 1, diendo a [[Londres]] y [[Manchester]].
After the flight, Gagarin became a worldwide celebrity, touring widely abroad. He visited Italy, Germany, Canada, Brazil, Japan, Egypt<ref name="mkegypt"/> and Finland to promote the Soviet Union's accomplishment of putting the first human in space. He visited the United Kingdom three months after the Vostok 1 mission, going to [[London]] and [[Manchester]].<ref name="wcml" /><ref name="French1998" />
 
El so ascensu de sópitu a la fama tuvo un efeutu negativu pa Gagarin. Mentes los sos averaos teníen dicho qu'elli yera 'aficionáu a la bébora', los sos viaxes poniénlu nuna situación de riesgu yá que tuviere nellos elli tuviera que beber. Gagarin tamién sedría alvertíu pola so esposa, tres de qu'esta lu descobriera con otra muyer, una enfermera nomada Anna, quien lu aidara depués de tener un accidente nuna chalana esi mesmu día nun resort del [[Mar Prietu]] en setiembre de 1961. Elli tentara escapar colando pola ventana y saltando pal balcón d'embaxu, golpiando la so cara nun bordiellu, dexándo-y un repulgu permanente sobre la so ceya esquierda.
The sudden rise to fame took its toll on Gagarin. While acquaintances say Gagarin had been a "sensible drinker", his touring schedule placed him in social situations where he was always expected to drink. Gagarin was also reportedly caught by his wife in a room with another woman, a nurse named Anna who had aided him after a boating incident earlier in the day, at a Black Sea resort in September 1961. He attempted to escape by leaving through a window and jumping off her second floor balcony, hitting his face on a [[curb|kerbstone]] and leaving a permanent scar above his left eyebrow.<ref name="indep20110403"/><ref name="bbc20110404"/>
 
InEn 1962, heentamara'l beganso servingserviciu ascomo adiputáu deputy to thedel [[SupremeSóviet SovietSupremu ofde thela SovietXunión UnionSoviética]], andteniendo wassío electedelexíu topol theComité Central Committeede of thela [[Komsomol|YoungLliga CommunistComunista LeagueMoza]]. HeDepués latergolvería returneda tola [[StarCiudá City,de Russia|Starles City]]estrelles, thea cosmonautles facilityinstalaciones cosmonáutiques, whereau hepasaría spentsiete sevenaños yearstrabayando workingen ondiseños designspa forun aaparátu reusableaéreu spacecraftreutilizable. HeSedría became anomáu [[Podpolkovnik|LieutenantTeniente ColonelCoronel]] ofde theles [[SovietFuercies AirAérees ForcesSoviétiques]] onel 12 Junede xunu de 1962, and receivedrecibiendo'l therangu rank ofde [[Polkovnik|ColonelCoronel]] onel 6 Novemberde payares de 1963.<ref name="astro" /> SovietLos officialsoficiales triedsoviéticos totentaríen keepde himtenelu awaylloñe fromde anycualisquier flightsvuelu, beingtando worriedprecupaos ofde losingpoder theirperder heroal inso anhéroe accidentnun accidente. Gagarin wasyera backuppilotu pilotsuplente fordel hisso friendcollaciu [[Vladimir KomarovKamarov]] in thena [[Soyuz 1]] flight, whichnave wasque launchedsedría despitellanzada Gagarina l'sespaciu protestspesie thata additionalles safetyquexes precautionsde wereGagarin necessarydebíes a les sos neglixencies na tema de seguridá.<ref name="krulwich2011"/>Cuando Whenla Komarov'smisión flightde endedKamarov infinara anun fatal crashaccidente, Gagarin wastuviere permanentlytorgao bannedl'accesu froma trainingentrenamientu fory andparticipación participating inn'otres furthermisiones spaceflightsespaciales.
 
Gagarin algamaría'l puestu de
Gagarin had become deputy training director of the [[Star City, Russia|Star City]] cosmonaut training base. At the same time, he began to re-qualify as a [[fighter pilot]].
 
Gagarin had become direutor axuntu de formación de la bas d'entrenamientu cosmonáuticu de la Ciudá de les estrelles, tiempu nel que tentaría tornar a cualificase pa pilotu de combate.
==Death==
On 27 March 1968, while on a routine training flight from [[Chkalovsky Airport|Chkalovsky Air Base]], he and flight instructor [[Vladimir Seryogin]] died in a [[Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15|MiG-15UTI]] crash near the town of [[Kirzhach]]. The bodies of Gagarin and Seryogin were cremated and the ashes were buried in the [[Kremlin Wall Necropolis|walls of the Kremlin]] on [[Red Square]].
 
==Muerte==
Gagarin was survived by his wife Valentina, and daughters Yelena and Galina. Yelena Yurievna Gagarina, Yuri's elder daughter, is an art historian who has worked as the [[director-general]] of the [[Moscow Kremlin]] Museums since 2001.<ref name="airspace20110501" /><ref name="euronews20110412" /> His younger daughter, Galina Yurievna Gagarina, is department chair and a professor of economics at [[Plekhanov Russian University of Economics]] in Moscow.<ref name="airspace20110501" /><ref name="rea20110411" />
El 27 de marzu de 1968, dementres tuviera nun vuelu rutinariu dende la [[Aeropuertu de Chkalovsky|Bas Aérea de Chkalovsky]], elli y el so instructor de vuelu [[Vladimir Seryogin]] morrieran nun [[Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15|MiG-15UTI]] cao de la ciudá de [[Kirzhach]]. Los cuerpos de Gagarin y Seryogin sedríen amburaos y les povises enterráes na [[Necrópolis de la Muria del Kremlin]] na [[Plaza Roxa]] de Moscú.
 
La so muyer Valentina sobreviviéralu, según tamién les sos fíes Yelena y Galina. Yelena Yurievna Gagarina, la so mayoraza, ye una hestoriadora de l'arte que tien trabayao como Direutora Xeneral de los museos del Kremlin dende 2001. La so fía menor, Galina Yurievna Gagarina, ye profesora d'económiques na [[Universidá d'Económiques Rusa de Plekhanov]] en Moscú.
 
===Cause of jet crash===
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